What is IVF?
IVF stands for ‘ in vitro fertilisation ’. It is one type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) used to treat fertility problems and assist with conception of a child. Our focus is to help you fall pregnant and our expert team will plan the most effective treatment plan depending on your individual situation. It is important to remember that not all couples require IVF, this is only one of several treatment options.
IVF involves bringing the eggs and sperm together in a dish in the lab. IVF is used to overcome a range of fertility issues. The embryo formed is transferred into the uterus five days after egg collection.
How does it work?
Ovulation induction involves the use of medications to stimulate ovulation. The process usually takes approximately two weeks of treatment and involves daily injections of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). These are administered to encourage the maturation of follicles within the ovaries as well as the release of egg cells.
The process is monitored with ultrasound and blood tests to control the size and quantity of follicles. To assist with the final maturation of the egg and the loosening of the egg from the follicle wall, an injection of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is administered.
This takes place around 36 hours after hCG is injected and is performed by an IVF Specialist under light anaesthetic. A syringe is inserted into the follicles to collect the eggs yielding approximately 5-10 eggs, although this can vary.
Insemination / Fertilisation
Good quality, motile sperm are selected to inseminate the egg using either standard IVF or ICSI. The inseminated egg is then placed in an incubator for 12-24 hours and monitored for signs of fertilisation.
Embryos are allowed to develop for 5 – 6 days (the extended blastocyst stage) to increase their chance of implantation.
The best quality embryo is transferred into the uterus. This is done using a transfer catheter (a thin, long plastic tube), which is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. The procedure is simple, much like a pap smear, and does not require an anaesthetic. Once the procedure is complete, other good quality embryos can be frozen for use in later cycles of IVF.
A blood test is performed approximately 11 days after embryo transfer has occurred, to determine whether you are pregnant.
Every IVF journey is as individual as you are
The chance of a successful IVF treatment cycle is as individual as the patient. However, the biggest factors affecting success are the following:
- Lifestyle choices
Not every IVF cycle initiated will result in an egg collection, a fresh embryo transfer or embryos suitable for freezing. The data used to determine Adora Fertility success rates includes all patients utilising their own eggs and no PGD/PGS genetically-screened embryos. It combines all insemination types (IVF and ICSI).